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Traditional Art Techniques II

Wed Mar 5, 2014, 7:07 AM

Traditional Art Techniques II

Traditional Art Week continues! This article will give you a brief overview of even more physical media techniques and their characteristics, featuring beautiful examples found all over DeviantArt and tutorials. I sincerely hope this will get you inspired to try something new and experiment, why not pick a tutorial and see what you learn! Don't forget, whilst techniques has their own regulations and principles, they still can be combined, you have to be no wizard (just a little creative) to find a new way to express yourself through them.  Let's take a look  Singing 

(Traditional Art Techniques I)

1. Drawing media II

Drawing is one of the major forms of expression within the visual arts, and is generally concerned with the marking of lines and areas of tone onto paper. Traditional drawings were monochrome, or at least had little color,  while modern colored-pencil drawings may approach or cross a boundary between drawing and painting. Drawing is often exploratory, with considerable emphasis on observation, problem-solving and composition. It is also regularly used in preparation for painting. A quick, unrefined drawing may be called a sketch. In fields outside art, technical drawings or plans of buildings, machinery, circuitry and other things are often called "drawings" even when they have been transferred to another medium by printing. (Wiki)

▲ Pen (ballpoint, fountain)

A pen is primarily a writing implement used to apply ink to a surface (usually paper), for writing or - in this case - drawing. Ruling pens allow precise adjustment of line width, and still find a few specialized uses, but technical pens are more commonly used. Modern types, often used to create artworks, include ballpoint, fountain or ceramic tip pens. A ballpoint pen dispenses viscous oil-based ink by rolling a small hard sphere. The ink dries almost instantly on contact with paper. They are usually reliable, inexpensive and can be an excellent medium for serious fine art or illustration. A fountain pen uses water-based liquid ink delivered through a nib. The ink flows from a reservoir through a "feed" to the nib, then through the nib, due to capillary action and gravity. Fountain pens are nowadays also used for artistic purposes or by professional designers.

Tutorials to see > The ballpoint pen art book by ArtisAllan, Tutorial for Ballpoint-Pens by forkfighter

Redhead Girl - Ballpoint Pen by VianaArts Ballpoint Pen Icarus by kleinmeli

▲ Marker

A marker pen (marking pen, felt-tip pen, flow, marker) is a pen which has its own ink-source, and usually a tip made of a porous, pressed fibers such as felt. A typical permanent marker consists of a container (glass, aluminum or plastic) and a core of an absorbent material. All kinds of markers are available on the market (permanent markers, highlighters, non-permanent markers, security markers, election markers). Drawing with markers offers almost instant gratification - markers are simple to use, require little preparation time and dry quickly. They are ideal for creating loose lines, caligraphic designs and precise technical illustrations.

Tutorials to see > Copic Marker Tutorial by finni, Copic Marker Tutorial I by cartoongirl7

Portrait by marker by carlosCL General Iroh marker by BryanValenza

▲ Conté

Also known as Conté sticks or Conté crayons, they are a drawing m edium composed of compressed pwdered graphite or charcoal mixed with a wax or clay base, square in cross-section. They were invented in 1795 by Nicolas-Jacques Conté, and had the advantage of being cost-effective to produce, easy to manufacture in controlled grades of hardness. Nowadays they're manufactured using natural pigments, clay and a binder. Conté crayons are most commonly found in black, white and sanguine tones, as well as bistre, shades of grey and other colors. Colors sets are especially used for field studies and color studies. Some artists create entire paintings with them, using them the way pastels are used.

Tutorials to see > How to draw with conte crayons

whither? by derekjones [113] Untitled Charcoal & Conte On Canvas 53.2 by ShinKwangHo

▲ Crayon

A crayon (or wax pastel) is a stick of colored wax, charcoal, chalk or other material. They're available at a range of price points, are easy to work with, often less messy than paints and markers, blunt, usually non-toxic, and are available in a wise variety of colors. You can work with either water-resistant or water-soluble crayons. They are particularly good instruments for teaching small children to draw in addition to being used widely by student and professional artists.

Tutorials to see > tips: pencil crayon basics by kitton

You're Never too old for crayons by artisticalshell crayon drawing of leonid afrem by rayjaurigue

1. Painting media

Painting is the practice of applying paint, pigment, color or other medium to a surface. The medium is commonly applied to the base with a brush but other implements, such as knives, sponges, and airbrushes can be used. Painting is a mode of creative expression, and the forms are numerous. Drawing, composition or abstraction and other aesthetics may serve to manifest the expressive and conceptual intention of the practitioner. Different types of paint are usually identified by the medium that the pigment is suspended or embedded in, which determines the general working characteristics of the paint, such as viscosity, miscibility, solubility, drying time, etc. (Wiki)

▲ Encaustic painting

Encaustic painting, also known as hot wax painting, involves using heated beeswax to which colored pigments are added. The liquid or paste is then applied to a surface—usually prepared wood, though canvas and other materials are often used. Metal tools and special brushes can be used to shape the paint before it cools, or heated metal tools can be used to manipulate the wax once it has cooled onto the surface. Today, tools such as heat lamps, heat guns, and other methods of applying heat allow artists to extend the amount of time they have to work with the material. Because wax is used as the pigment binder, encaustics can be sculpted as well as painted.

Tutorials to see >  Art - Encaustic Tutorials

White Rabbit by readyo encaustic portrait 2 by aminotturtely

▲ Tempera / poster paint

Tempera, also known as egg tempera, is a permanent, fast-drying painting medium consisting of colored pigment mixed with water-soluble binder medium (usually a glutinous material such as egg yolk). Tempera also refers to the paintings done in this medium. A paint consisting of pigment and glue size commonly used in the United States as poster paint is also often referred to as "tempera paint", although the binders and sizes in this paint are different from traditional tempera paint. It either comes in large bottles or jars or in a powdered form. It is normally a "cheap" paint used in theatrical backdrops or in grade school art classes.

Tutorials to see > Tempera Colour Tutorial by Chenria

There's No Pain Now by RobM48 Pixels 03 by monguz

▲ Stencil

A stencil is a thin sheet of material, such as paper, plastic, or metal, with letters or a design cut from it, used to produce the letters or design on an underlying surface by applying pigment through the cut-out holes in the material. The key advantage of a stencil is that it can be reused to repeatedly and rapidly produce the same letters or design. The design produced with a stencil is also called a stencil.

Tutorials to see > How to cut stencils Tutorial

Stencil by kristrappeniers Stencil Monkey by sark-stencil

▲ Fresco

Fresco is a technique of mural painting executed upon freshly laid lime plaster. Water is used as the vehicle for the pigment and the painting becomes an integral part of the wall. The fresco technique has been employed since antiquity and is closely associated with Italian Renaissance painting.

What is your favorite technique? Do you like to mix different media?

Your thoughts and comments are welcome!



This article is brought to you as part of Traditional Art Week at projecteducate. Watch us and you won't regret :heart:
Add a Comment:
chaliangel Featured By Owner Sep 27, 2014  New member Student General Artist
hi jane, im a student sitting for the advanced level exam next year. (im from sri lanka and im 17 years old) and in-order to sit for the exam I need to submit a project. my topic being application methods of art, I am hoping to interview an artist at the end of my project. so please contact me if you would like to be interviewed.
my email:
:)  :)
I would really appreciate your help...
chaliangel Featured By Owner Sep 27, 2014  New member Student General Artist
are you an artist?
bear48 Featured By Owner Mar 20, 2014  Professional

thank you 
AndreaSchillaci Featured By Owner Mar 17, 2014  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
are all simple techniques....there is no need to explain anything, all you need is practice.the teachers do not exist.the real problem is finding a suitable subject for drawing. if we want to do something serious, tell me the technique of oil painting of Caravaggio, that typical colors, the composition and the secret of the technique bagnato su bagnato.people always like to do things simple, without exploring more complicated techniques...
Wyntry Featured By Owner Mar 7, 2014  Hobbyist Artist
Really good stuff. I never thought you could do stuff like what you showed with the crayon. Lol. I'll have to look into other media as well.
jane-beata Featured By Owner Mar 13, 2014  Professional Traditional Artist
Crayons sure are underrated :)
Wyntry Featured By Owner Mar 13, 2014  Hobbyist Artist
They are, aren't they? Lol
forkfighter Featured By Owner Mar 7, 2014  Hobbyist Traditional Artist
hey there,
thanks for the mention! really appreciated :)
great overview!
jane-beata Featured By Owner Mar 13, 2014  Professional Traditional Artist
My pleasure!
GILMOREofficial Featured By Owner Mar 7, 2014  Professional General Artist
Great article.
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